NUSRET POLAT | DELEUZE’S CONCEPTUALIZATION OF ‘THE FOLD’: ON LEIBNIZ’S PHILOSOPHY

According to Deleuze, the most accurate concept that reflects Leibniz’s philosophy, just like Baroque art, is ‘the fold’. The word ‘devolvere’ for Leibniz means opening the fold, and unfolding. Cesar passed the Rubicon River; therefore a fold of the Cesar concept had been unfolded, revealed. This could have happened differently, but it hadn’t. More so, the perfect way this could have happened has already happened. Nothing happens for it is mandatory; it is mandatory because it had happened. This is the biggest revelation of Leibniz. God chose this world, for it was the best possibility amongst the worlds. There are an infinite number of worlds in the form of possibilities in God’s thought world and ideas. Since only one of these possibilities had been realized, God who chose this world but not others has enough-reason. Voltaire’s criticism of Leibniz in Candide, which aims to poke fun at him, is gravely amateur. Counter to the Platonist and Christian argument of the possibilities of a better and another world, Leibniz asserts that the world as it is, is the perfect possibility of a world. Furthermore, the fold that emanates from Leibniz extends to Nietzsche through folding, twisting, and multiplying. This idea owes to Leibniz, who said yes to, and affirms this world just the way it is. The talk aims to unfold the folds of this thought as much as possible. The folds unfolded make way to new folds. Hence, what we unfold now are our own folds.